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(1500 - 500 a.C.)
people of sedentary agriculturalists settled the plateau of
Quito the surrounding valleys. The largest village was built
on the shores of a lake. Several separate groups of rectangular
houses formed the town. The walls were built of lath-and-mud
(bahareque) and the roof was thatched with straw. Wooden platforms
serving as beds were laid beside the fireplaces and the store-holes.
Small cemeteries were found amidst the groups of houses.
The most ancient cemeteries are formed by individual tombs
that lodge corpses covered with corn leaves. On the other
hand, in the most recent interments were laid disorderly into
a kind of corpses “communal grave”.
Indian corn (maíz), kidney beans (fréjoles),
potatoes, sweet potatoes. Indian goosefoot (quinoa), and lupins
were cultivated by this people, who complemented the diet
with deer and turtle-dove hunting. By exchanging their products
for staples from warmer zones. (c.g. cotton), they managed
to manufacture clothes as evidenced by the great quantity
of whorls found.
Used for domestic and ceremonial purposes, these vessels
were made occasionally of ceramic, and specially of polished
stone. Their nature makes these objects unique pieces in the
archaeology of Ecuador.