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|Manteño – Huancavilca
Manteño – Huancavilca
(ca. 500 – 1532 d.C.)
peoples of this culture settled an extensive territory, from
Bahía de Caráquez on the north to the coastal
plains in the Province of El Oro on the south. According to
ancient historic documents, these existed three different
groups: the paches or manteños, in Manabí; the
huancavilca, in the Peninsula of Santa Elena, and the punáes,
in the Island of Puná.
People were organized in independent lordships, Salangome
being the most influential chiefdom along the shores of Manab.
The capital city corresponds to the monumental site of Agua
Blanca, which probably had both ceremonial and administrative
functions. This lordship extended over northern Manabí
and southern Esmeraldas (Atacames) as a result of its interest
in controlling the strategic points of connexion among the
terrestrial and maritime exchange routes.
The Manteño-Huancavilca culture was formed by experienced
seamen who navigated to Central America and Peru. Their export
staples were spondylus shells, cotton weavings, objects of
golden, silver and copper, and obsidian mirrors.